Bush led Kerry 49 percent to 47 percent in a CNN/USA Today/Gallup poll, by 48 percent to 47 percent in polls by the Wall Street Journal/NBC News and Reuters/Zogby, and by 49 percent to 46 percent in a CBS News/New York Times survey. A Marist College poll found Kerry at 49 percent and Bush at 48 percent, and a Fox News poll showed Kerry with 48 percent to 46 percent for Bush. The results were within the margin of error.
The closeness of the race also is reflected in polls of the “battleground” states. Surveys by the Gallup Organization show Kerry leading in Minnesota and Ohio, Bush with an edge in Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, and the two statistically tied in Florida and Iowa.
Zogby International’s polls showed Kerry ahead in Iowa, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin and Bush leading in Nevada. Polls by Hamden, Connecticut-based Quinnipiac University showed Bush leading in Florida and a tie in Pennsylvania.